Since the past, the abilities of women in decision making, education, and in their professional lives have been largely suppressed considering them inferior to men. The situation is much worse in underdeveloped and developing nations, where women in a family are not allowed to make financial decisions, choosing a partner for marriage according to their own free will or to decide on matters which concerns their own education. In a world like that, it would be a delusion to dream about the goals of sustainable development and gender equality. Empowerment can be defined as a ‘multi-dimensional social process that helps people gain control over their own lives’. Empowerment of women refers to ‘a woman’s ability to make vital life decisions where that ability had been previously deprived of them’. There is an instant need to take measures to lift the social, personal and professional status of women, bringing them shoulder to shoulder with men. These specific measures constitute a process, which is known as “Women Empowerment”. 

The highlighted areas are; providing better education and employment opportunities to women, ensuring better healthcare facilities for women, providing justice, ensuring professional equivalence and giving them the freedom to make decisions on their life. Women empowerment has the power to change many things in the society, country and the world at large. They are much better than men in dealing with certain problems which occurs in the society. They are fully able to handle the economic conditions of the family and country through proper family planning. Women have a higher capability to handle any impulsive violence in comparison to men. Most of the countries with a rich economy has an equal domination among men and women. Women empowerment programmes can be used to make changes to the male dominated countries in the world. Empowering the women in the society may easily help to develop each and every member of the family without any extra effort. A woman is considered as the responsible figure in every family, so she is capable of solving roblems on her own. Therfore empowerment of women would automatically bring empowerment of everyone in the family. 

Nowadays the world is moving in to make provisions in the constitutions of their countries, to make it legal to grant gender equality. Departments are established to function well in this field for the proper development of the women and children in most countries including Sri Lanka. Women are given a top place in Sri Lankan society from ancient times as Queen Seewali and Anula have ruled our country in the era of the kingdom of Anuradhapura. But during the latter part of the era they were not given the authorization to participate in decision making. But Sirimavo Bandaranaike, became the world’s first non-hereditary female head of government in modern history , when she was elected Prime Minister of Sri Lanka in 1960. So, as a nation we are proud to say that we are one step ahead than the rest of the world. Also, women constitute half the population of the whole world’s population and need to be independent in every area for the all-round development of women and children. Women need to be strong, aware and alert every moment for their growth and development. An empowered mother with child makes the bright future of any nation.

Exposition Magazine Issue 15

Malithi Nimasha


Department of Industrial Management

University of Kelaniya

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